Why Was Chamberlain So Excited After The Munich Agreement

. the solution to the Czechoslovak problem that has just been found is, in my opinion, only the prelude to a broader settlement in which the whole of Europe can find peace. This morning I had another conversation with the German Chancellor, Mr Hitler, and here is the newspaper that bears his name, as well as mine. Some of you may have heard what`s in it, but I just want to read it to you: “. We regard the agreement signed last night and the Anglo-German naval agreement as a symbol of the will of our two peoples never to go to war with each other again. [96] In the spring of 1938, Hitler began to openly support the demands of German speakers living in the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia for closer relations with Germany. Hitler had recently annexed Austria to Germany, and the conquest of Czechoslovakia was the next step in his plan to create a “Greater Germany.” The Czechoslovak government hoped that Britain and France would come to its aid in the event of a German invasion, but British Prime Minister Chamberlain was anxious to avoid war. He made two trips to Germany in September and offered Hitler favorable deals, but the Führer continued to raise his demands. On March 14, Slovakia seceded from Czechoslovakia and became its own pro-Nazi state.

The next day, Carpathian Ukraine also proclaimed its independence, but after three days it was completely occupied and annexed by Hungary. Czechoslovak President Emil Hácha went to Berlin and had to wait, and the order to invade had already been given. During the meeting with Hitler, Hácha was threatened with bombing Prague if he refused to order Czech troops to lay down their arms. This news triggered a heart attack, from which he was revived by an injection from Hitler`s doctor. Hácha then agreed to sign the communiqué in which he accepted the German occupation of the rest of Bohemia and Moravia, “which was remarkable in its complete lie, even for the Nazis.” [91] Churchill`s prediction came true when German armies invaded Prague and occupied the rest of the country, which was turned into a protectorate of the empire. In March 1939, Konstantin von Neurath was appointed Protector of the Reich and served as Hitler`s personal representative in the protectorate. Immediately after the occupation, a wave of arrests began, especially of refugees from Germany, Jews and Czech public figures. In November, Jewish children were expelled from their schools and their parents were fired from their jobs. Universities and colleges were closed after protests against the occupation of Czechoslovakia.

More than 1200 students were sent to concentration camps and nine student leaders were executed on November 17 (International Student Day). When the statesmen returned, all the details of the Munich Agreement – by which they allowed Germany to take Sudeten territory from Czechoslovakia, in a failed attempt to avoid World War II – were not yet known, and it seemed that they had wrested real concessions from Hitler and at least saved his face. This public support for Chamberlain after Munich is due both to a reflex of relief and to confidence in his policies is confirmed by the comprehensive analysis of historian Daniel Hucker, whose conclusion is as follows: “In many ways, the `turning point` for public opinion was not the Prague putsch [the German invasion of March 1939], but the Munich Agreements themselves. The economic consequences of the Munich agreements will be very harsh for Czechoslovakia. .