Governments have insisted that long-term coronavirus restoration plans be set with green wires. In 2019, Japan also presented the UN with a long-term strategy to reduce emissions by the middle of the century. The Japanese government`s response measures to combat COVID-19 include few measures considered a “green recovery”. The government plans to review medium- and long-term “green recovery” measures as it reviews the country`s Core Energy Plan, its 2030 energy mix target and the new greenhouse gas emission reduction target; September 1, 2020. It expects to complete the review process by mid-2021. The revised UNDP is expected to be introduced before COP26 in 2021 and will replace the current NDC, which was re-transmitted to the UNFCCC in March 2020. Japan, the first G7 industrialized country to present an updated plan to combat climate change this year, known as the “national contribution,” said it intends to “continue to resolutely achieve” its 2015 target of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 26% from 2013 levels by 203. The strategy outlines the country`s long-term vision for the energy, industry and transportation sectors, as well as for community and life, as well as the direction of policies and related measures. Japan`s proposal for well accounting (land use change and forestry) proposed by Japan reduces its effective target by about 3% from 1990 levels, resulting in a target of 15% below 1990, excluding UTCATF. We consider the target to be “very inadequate,” which means that if all countries adopted this ambitious approach, global warming in the 21st century would likely exceed 3-4oC. This is in stark contrast to Japan`s assertion that its NDC is in line with the long-term temperature target of the Paris Agreement.
In its proposal to the UN, it also states that it will “continue its medium- and long-term efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions beyond this level.” This is a time when governments around the world are overwhelmed by the coronavirus pandemic. As part of the revision of the basic energy plan, the Japanese government recently announced two important changes in its coal-fired power plant policy: on the one hand, closing the vast majority of old and inefficient power plants by 2030 and, on the other hand, limiting the financing of electricity generated from coal abroad to only countries engaged in long-term decarbonization. The effectiveness of the announced policies is currently under review. The former has no influence on the construction and operation of high-efficiency coal-fired power plants. This last point is somewhat contradictory, because each country with a decarbonization plan will not invest in new coal-fired power plants, since the average lifespan of these facilities is 46 years; This also contrasts with the urgent need for all regions to exit coal by 2040. Despite the potential flaws and constraints on the effectiveness of these policy announcements, they could suggest – with recent plans to promote offshore wind energy by installing a capacity of 10 GW by 2030 – a major (even hesitant) change in Japanese climate policy, and that the Japanese government finally officially acknowledges that there is no bright future for coal. June 26, 2019: The Japanese government is the twelfth country to present its Long-Term Low Carbon Development Strategy (LTS) (SSC) to the UNFCCC secretariat covering the period 2018-2050. Japan`s Low Emissions Development Strategy (LEDS) underscores the country`s intention to reduce its emissions by 80% by 2050, while developing a “virtuous circle of the environment and growth” with disruptive business-oriented innovations, rapid implementation of measures and efforts of other countries. The strategy aims to implement commercially-sized CO2 capture and use (CCU) technologies by 2023 and to commercialize the captag